Tudor Georgescu

Author Biography and Research Interests: 

Rooted in the medical humanities, my wider research interests lie with scientific-ideological constructions of the national body and its constitution, that is, the myriad relationships between eugenic and public health movements and the political programmes of national improvement they fostered in the 20th century. It amounts to a map of an ever-evolving triadic relationship between the individual, medical profession and the state from theories of evolution to enhancement, as galvanised by the trauma of the trenches and the race-hygienic machinations of the inter- and war years. One that vividly illustrates how society and its self-perception have been shaped and perpetually reshaped by our relationships with science and the medical promise of progress.


My core research focuses on eugenics, fascism, and their emergence as distinct movements amongst interwar German ethnic minorities. And especially so the Transylvanian Saxons in Romania who were the subject of my PhD research and book on The Eugenic Fortress that explores how they interpreted and appropriated the eugenic promise of a healthier, better, nation, and the extent to which they produced and empowered an indigenous movement of their own. This perspective opens up a plethora of fascinating questions of wider relevance, ranging from the extent to which minorities interacted with international ideological currents, to the degree of their complicity in National Socialist crimes. It similarly reflects on an important dimension of German European colonialism and the self-perception of these ethnic 'outposts', concepts of nation and race, as well as their role in the formulation and execution of the Third Reich's pan-European ambitions.


Heritage (and its demarcations) has become increasingly central to my current projects, both in terms of research as well as a range of collaborative projects surrounding the commemorations of the First World War. These include my work in establishing the OxCen network, as Co-Investigator of the AHRC funded Centre for Hidden Histories at the University of Nottingham, and the collaborative research project on 'The War Beyond Western Europe: Uncovering the hidden histories of the Soldiers of Oxfordshire Museum (SOFO)'.


I am currently the Research Grants Officer of Oxford Brookes University’s faculty of Health and Life Sciences; an Associate Lecturer in the Department of History, Philosophy and Religion; and Director of the Pulse Project podcast platform.



The Eugenic Fortress: The Transylvanian Saxon Experiment in Interwar Romania. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2016.

•"Saxon Eugenics in Transylvania." Marius Turda (ed).The History of Eugenics in East-Central Europe, 1880-1945: Texts and Commentaries. London: Bloomsbury, 2015: 550-594.

•"Saxon Eugenics and the Remodelling of Carcinogenic Cities in the Interwar Period." Revista de Antropologie Urbana 5 (2015): pp.27-40.

• "The Eugenic Fortress: Alfred Csallner and the Transylvanian Saxon Eugenic Discourse in Interwar Romania.” Marius Turda, Sevasti Trubeta, and Christian Promitzer (eds.). Hygiene, Health and Eugenics in Southeast Europe to 1945. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2011: pp.351-84.

• “Ethnic Minorities and the Eugenic Promise: The Transylvanian Saxon experiment with national renewal in interwar Romania.” European Review of History 17.6 (2010): pp.861- 80.

•(in Polish): “An Assault on Optimism: Locating and defining the Transylvanian Saxon eugenic discourse in interwar Romania.” Magdalena Gawin and Kamila Uzarczyk (eds.). Eugenika-biopolityka-państwo : Z historii ruchów eugenicznych w pierwszej połowie XX w. (Eugenics-Biopolitics-State : Histories of Eugenic Movements in the First Half of the 20. Century). Warsaw: Neriton, 2010 : pp.207-19.

• “Pursuing the Fascist Promise: The Transylvanian Saxon ‘Self-Help’ from genesis to empowerment, 1922-1933/35” Marius Turda and Robert Pyrah (eds.). Culture and Identity in Central Europe. Oxford: Legenda, 2010: pp.55-73.

•and Marius Turda (eds.). ‘Race and Anthropology in Interwar Central and Eastern Europe’ (special issue). Focaal  58 (2010).

• and Marius Turda. “Romanian Eugenics and its International Context, 1918-1944” Wellcome History 44 (Summer 2010): pp.14f. (link)

• “When Good Neighbours Pay for Your Medical Bills (And So Much More): Towards a history of Transylvanian Saxon medical welfare in interwar Romania.” Wellcome History 45 (Winter 2010): pp.12f. (link)

•Feldman, Matthew, Marius Turda, with Tudor Georgescu (eds.). Clerical Fascism in Interwar Europe. Abingdon: Routledge, 2008.

•(in Romanian) “Discursul Eugenic Sasesc Transilvanean, 1885-1944” (The Transylvanian Saxon Eugenic Discourse, 1885-1944). Cuvantul 3 (2008): pp.6-8.


“Transylvanian Saxons Eugenics in Interwar Romania: Concepts and Practices”

Tudor Georgescu

(Oxford Brookes University)

“Transylvanian Saxons Eugenics in Interwar Romania: Concepts and Practices”

Oxford Brookes University



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